From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Nizam-ul-Mulk was the title of the ruler of Hyderabad state from 1724 to 1949. The state is therefore sometimes referred to as a nizamate. Like their Mughal predecssors, the nizams were Muslims.
The term nizām-al-mulk was first used in Urdu around 1600 to mean “governor of the realm.” It, in turn, derives from the Arabic word, nizंām, meaning “order, arrangement.” The Nizam was, and often still is, referred to as Ala Hadrat or Nizam Sarkar.
The first Nizams ruled on behalf of the mughal emperors, but as their power waned with the death of Aurangazeb – the last great moghul, the nizams split away to form their own “nizamdom”. This continued until the British who allowed the Nizams to rule their princely states. This was accepted by the Nizams and retained power over Hyderabad state until Indian independence. Even after Indian Independence, the Nizam wanted to join Pakistan or be independent, however the Indian Army launched Operation Polo that resulted in the annexation of the Nizam’s territories.
HA! There was actually a state that existed which called its residents the Nizams! And they were Muslims! Very very hilarious. Far cry from the other definition of Nizam if spelt with the arabic zal instead of the zhaw. (which bythe way means “belt” instead of “order, arrangement”.)